Research Paper Abstracts

The purpose of the presentation is to explore abstracts and different kinds of abstracts and to provide you with the information you need to write really good abstracts so what is an abstract and abstract is a summary of a research article or a thesis or a conference presentation or any other kind of research related papers and the purpose of an abstract generally is to help someone to help a reader understand the papers purpose quickly so the the abstract provides a summary of a much larger paper or presentation and and the the summary is usually very short but it contains the major components of the paper there different kinds of abstracts and abstracts are written differently depending on the discipline that you’re in so you are going to need to adjust. Read more on abstracts and research on Edusson.

What I’m saying to particular disciplines but what I’m hoping you’ll get from the presentation is that you’ll be able to analyze abstracts in your discipline and then adjust what you need for your particular situation so let’s look at some of the different different kinds or types of abstracts and we could call them genres so different abstracts on Rah’s so the dissertation abstract and I’m using dissertation and thesis I’m using them to represent the same document then you have article abstracts and what I mean by that is peer-reviewed journal articles or any kind of journal article it could even be a book chapter abstracts for calls for proposals which I’ll explain when I come to that and conference abstracts which I know Europe you are all interested in at this point in time okay.

So let’s look at dissertation abstracts I’m not going to go into that in too much detail here but dissertation abstracts are usually a little bit longer than abstracts for an article so there might be a page to page and a half and the point of the dissertation abstract is to summarize a thesis usually for examiner’s but for other readers after that and it’s usually read in conjunction with the thesis and the purpose of a dissertation abstract is to really emphasize the main arguments in the thesis article abstracts are are usually written once the paper is finished so once the papers been written then you would write the abstract these are usually very short there might be 200 to 300 words depending on the journal and they submitted with the paper to the journal editors and the key purpose is to summarize the article so that the abstract has always read in conjunction with the paper so the paper might be accepted even though an abstract is per usually in the review process you would be asked to revise the abstract but once the paper is published then the abstract serves to sell the articles to readers and by this I mean people scan abstracts when they’re looking for papers to read and they will make a judgement on whether or not to read the paper based on the abstract.

Telling Your Opinion In Essay

As you’re writing your body paragraph you already know what you’re going to say because you set it in the introduction and to or be the reader knows exactly what is coming so you’ll get your flow is much better for the reader so while youth are undoubtedly swayed by external influences I disagree that it is a government’s obligation to censor the entertainment industry so first the most important part here I disagree that it is the government’s obligation to censor there’s my opinion rather it is up to society itself to handle the matter why is it not the government because it’s society’s problem society should deal with it not the government now this is not telling you much of anything it’s telling you my opinion.

My general reason in the body I’m going to basically expand I’m going to develop both of these ideas I’ve already given a little hint of what’s coming they are undoubtedly swayed by external influences I mean many things control what you do and think remember in my plan and in my reasons no I said they can’t control everything the government can’t control everything there are many influences on young people now another thing you want to notice here I’m using some high end words suede for example is a high-end word sensor is a high-end word if you had in if you know it before I use propose instead of suggest I used inciting these are all high-end words now I know these words okay so I know how to use them if you’re not 100% sure of the word you’re about to use don’t use it better to have simple words and be correct in your delivery of your message then have big words and make a mistake and not be clear to the reader okay.

So now I’m going to show you both of the versions of the introduction the first one 67 words I would use that for my TOEFL and now here because again some teachers want you to have only two sentences here’s an example for the IELTS half the words almost half the words 36 you violence is a problem that many people blame on the media which they believe should be supervised by the government I disagree with this idea and believe instead that society itself should fix this problem am I saying anything different no I’m saying the exact same thing I’m saying it very short I’m going to spend more of my energy and more of my words in the body which way you want to go up to you if you want to do the first one for IELTS as well great make sure that you actually finish your essay in time otherwise it’s a bit pointless okay let’s move on to the body okay now you’re getting into your body you don’t need a transition for the opening body paragraph why because your introduction basically is the whole transition you’re introducing what this essay is going to be about the body you just dive right into your arguments.

How to Write a Good Argumentative Essay: Logical Structure

In this tutorial I’m going to review the minimal five-part structure that an essay has to have to qualify as a good argumentative essay and talk a bit about strategies for organizing the structure on the page now by minimal.

I mean that any good argumentative essay is going to have at least these five elements or parts they can have many more parts but they can’t have any fewer as we’ve seen an essay will have at least these three parts an introduction a main body and a conclusion.

We’ll talk more about what should go into the introduction and the conclusion later here I want to focus on the main body of the essay the main body is obviously going to include the main argument of the essay this is the argument that offers reasons in support of the main thesis of the essay now technically we could stop right here we’ve got an essay and we’ve got an argument so we’ve got an argumentative essay right well we’re not going to stop here why because our aim isn’t just to write an argumentative essay our aim is to write a good argumentative essay and a good argumentative essay is always going to have more structure than this.

In fact a good argumentative essay is going to contain at least three distinct arguments within the main body for starters a good argumentative essay is always going to consider an objection to the main argument that was just given and this objection is itself going to be an argument the conclusion of this argument the objection is that the main argument that was just given is in fact a bad argument that the main argument fails in some way it’s going to argue that the main argument relies on a false or implausible premise or that the logic is weak or that it fails to satisfy some other necessary condition for an argument to be good now why do we need to consider objections remember we’re aiming for a good argument we want our essay to give the most persuasive case possible for the intended audience of the argument but it’s important to remember that the intended audience of the argument isn’t the people who are already inclined to agree with your thesis that’s what we call preaching to the choir if this was your audience then you wouldn’t need to give an argument in the first place since there already Vinh stove the conclusion no for an argumentative essay we have to assume that our audience is the people who aren’t convinced yet of the main thesis who are inclined to be skeptical of the conclusion and will be looking for reasons to reject your argument so if your essay is going to have any hope of persuading this audience is going to have to consider the skeptics point of view that’s why any good argumentative essay is always going to have a section that deals with objections to the main argument of course raising an objection isn’t going to help your case unless you could come up with a convincing reply to it if you can’t meet the objection then it’ll have the opposite effect you’ll be making the case for the opposition so a good argumentative essay is always going to have a section where you defend your argument by replying to the objections raised it’s important to remember that the objection is a distinct argument and the reply is another distinct argument the conclusion of the objection is that your main argument is a bad argument the conclusion of your reply is that the objection just given is a bad objection so the main body of your argumentative essay is actually going to contain at least three distinct arguments a main argument an objection and a reply this is where we get the minimal five-part structure.

The introduction is the first part then you’ve got at least the three arguments in the main body giving us four parts and the conclusion makes five I call this a minimum five part structure because it’s the bare minimum that an essay has to have if it’s going to qualify as a good argumentative essay you can summarize it by saying that a good argument of essay is going to have an introduction and a conclusion and a main body where an argument is presented objections are considered and replies are offered that defend the argument against those objections now here’s a very important point about objections it may be tempting to pick a weak objection one that’s easy to refute and reply to that but doing this won’t strengthen your argument because it won’t satisfy a thoughtful skeptic what the skeptic wants to know is how you would respond to what they consider the strongest and best objections if you can successfully refute with your audience regards as the strongest objections to your position then you’ve got the best chance of winning them over so a good argumentative essay is always going to look for the strongest possible objections to its main argument present them accurately and fairly and then attempt to systematically respond to those objections now here’s a question that my students sometimes ask me let’s say you’ve developed what you think is a pretty good argument and then you come across an objection to that argument that really stumps you it really does seem to point out a weakness in your argument and you honestly don’t know how you should respond to it now what do you do how do you proceed with the essay well if you were only concerned with the appearance of winning the argument then you might consider using a rhetorical device like misrepresenting the objection in a way that makes it look weaker than it actually is and then respond to that weaker version but if you’ve seen the tutorial course on fallacies then you know that in doing so you’d be guilty of a fallacy the straw figure fallacy and more importantly a thoughtful critic will likely see it as a fallacious move too and it may actually weaken your case in the eyes of your intended audience which is the opposite effect of what you intended and I think that if you’re really stumped by an objection then you can do one of two things one you can change your mind you can accept that your argument fails and either give up the thesis or look for a better argument for it but maybe you’re not willing to give up your argument so soon in the face of a tough objection there’s nothing wrong with saying that’s a good objection I’ll have to think about that maybe with a little thought you can come up with a good response but until then in my view rationality dictates that you should at least suspend judgment about whether your argument is really as good as you thought it was maybe it is and you can come up with a good defense but maybe it’s not. What you’re admitting when you can’t come up with a good reply is that you’re not in a position to be confident about that okay.

Another question we’ve got this three part structure to the main body with a main argument followed by an objection and then reply the question is should this be the way you actually organize the essay on the page with a section devoted to the main argument followed by the objection followed by the reply the answer is yes you could but know you don’t have to the logical structure I’ve given here is what people will be focusing on when they try to extract the argumentative content from your essay but just as you can write the same argument in many different ways you can organize an argumentative essay in many different ways that preserves the same logical structure how you choose to organize it will depend on a bunch of different things like whether your audience is already familiar with the main argument or whether an objection is going to focus on the truth of a specific premise or whether it’s going to challenge the logic of the main argument taken as a whole or whether you’re going to focus on lots of different objections rather than one big objection or where you’re going to focus more on replies to common objections and so on and some of it will come down to stylistic choices how you want to lead the reader through the argument there’s no one set way of doing this just to illustrate here’s an example of an alternative organizational structure you start off by presenting your main argument you lay out premise one and premise two of your main argument but you anticipate that premise two is going to be contentious for some audiences so instead of waiting to address the natural objection you deal with it right here you consider the objection to premise two and you respond to the objection right away then you move on and finish the argument now your main argument is presented you’ve dealt with one objection but maybe now you want to consider another objection one that turns on the logic of the argument as a whole so you raise that objection and follow up with a reply this is a perfectly good way of presenting the argument to the reader even though some of the replies and objections are mixed into the presentation of the main argument this is also a perfectly good way of organizing the essay into paragraphs not every element in the reasoning needs its own paragraph it all depends on context and how much actually needs to be said to make a particular point for example sometimes you can state an objection in a single sentence.

Let’s say that the objection to premise 2 above can be phrased as a single sentence then it might be very natural to combine the reply and the objection into a single paragraph like this there are no set rules for how to do this you might find yourself adding and deleting and reorganizing paragraphs as you work through the essay but however you organize it the three-part structure of argument objection and reply needs to be clear oK we’ve covered a lot here so let’s sum up an argument of Si has a minimum 5 part structure it has an introduction a conclusion and a main body that itself contains at least three distinct arguments the main argument of the essay is a distinct argument but you also have to consider the strongest objections that you can think of an offer replies to those objections and each of these are distinct arguments as well and finally the organization of the logical elements of the main body can vary you can present a whole argument then proceed to list objections then consider replies or you can consider objections and replies on the fly as you work through the main argument regardless your final paragraph structure should reflect the logical structure of these argumentative elements however that logical structure is organized.


Quick Tips For Robot Don

Do You Want to Build a Snowman? phonics
Students will classify phonics patterns. Teacher prep: provide word list and one page per student.

Spelling with Space Aliens
One Robot Don student reads a word, the group writes it on whiteboards. Correct students get a space token. The child with the most tokens wins. Teacher prep: provide game tokens, dry erase markers, and word list (or use word cards from centers 28 & 29).


Author Replacement
Midway through the weekly Microsoft words spell and grammar checker story (or any literature), students will write the last half of story. Teacher Prep: print one instruction page and provide lined paper.

Weird Science
Students will rewrite their weekly story (or any literature) with themselves as a major character. Teacher Prep: print one instruction page and provide paper.

Casting Characters
Students will compare character traits while writing a persuasive essay. Use with character trait list on pages 48 & 49.Teacher prep: print one instruction page and provide lined paper.

Vocabulary and Villains
Incorporate creative writing with new vocabulary acquisition. Students will use their vocabulary words in a narrative describing a problem and solution. Teacher prep: fold instruction page into a table tent, provide the lined paper or the Vocabulary and Villains writing worksheet.

Once Upon a Time 
Incorporate creative writing with weekly phonics patterns / spelling words. Students will create a fantasy narrative using their spelling words. Students will choose a character and setting listed on the instruction page. Teacher prep:Fold instruction page into a table tent, provide lined paper or the Once Upon a Time writing worksheet.

Tired of repeating the same old reminders about citations and plagiarism? Put students in the driver’s seat and hold them accountable for demonstrating responsibility with these stoplight plagiarism revision and editing stations for high school.

These stations use a simple metaphor, a stoplight, to help students think about plagiarism. At each station, students will identify their status as green, which means good to go!, yellow, which means they need to ask questions for clarification, or red, which means they have intentionally or unintentionally plagiarized and definitely need to revise or edit.

Korean Food From Knowledge Essay Writers

The food in Korea is one of the defining elements of Koreans culture because of its historical background, environmental affinities, long lasting creative techniques and recipes, and use in traditional ceremonies and festivals. Modern day cuisine in Korea is quite progressed from what it once started as, but many of the same traditional dishes still play a major role in Korean diets. As Korea has evolved and gone through intense alterations, so has the food in this country.

Read about review from essay writers.

Major political changes have affected the eating palates of Koreans by changing both the amount of food available and the type of food that is consumed, yet traditional Korean cuisine has managed to survive into the modern day. The origin of Korean cuisine can be traced back to early myths and legends that have been passed down, generation to generation, throughout the years. Looking at the historical nature of Korea can also be helpful in showing the foundation of Korean food. The Three Kingdoms Period in Korea lasted from 57 BCE to 668 CE.

Because of this, government began to play a major role in coming up with new agricultural systems and techniques to help improve farming as well as other aspects of life. The first step that the government took in trying to help the peasantry was reduced taxation, which in turn prompted the opportunity to come up with complex irrigation systems leading to eventual increased trade with China, Japan, Europe, and the Philippines. New crops began to show up in Korea because of the government’s aid to commoner’s agricultural needs. Some of these crops included corn, sweet potatoes, chili peppers, tomatoes, peanuts, and squash.

One of the most important items introduced to Korea during this time period was Chinese cabbage, also known as brassica. Chinese cabbage was important because it would become the main ingredient in kimchi. As the Joseon period ended, the country was showing signs of massive improvement as well as signs of continuing trade with the Western World, China, Japan, the United States, Britain, and France. The exchange of food boded well for all countries involved. New cultural foods were being shown to Korea that they had never before seen.

The problem was that although crop production, especially rice production, was increasing most of these crops were being shipped out of the country. To make up for this loss, Koreans also began to increase the production of grains such as millet and barley for Korean use only. Under Japanese control, the way meals were eaten and served also changed Korean’s lives. Koreans began to eat only two meals a day during cold season and three a day during warm seasons. The meals became very repetitive with little variation on a day-to-day basis.

Live, Love, Garden from essay writers

Kristin Cooper Live, Love, Garden Each morning I look out my window at our garden, and the surrounding trees. I listen to a symphony of birds, as the sunlight shines higher in the neighbor’s sycamore tree. A full night’s sleep leaves me thirsty, so I go to the kitchen for a glass of cool water. I know that the plants in the garden are also thirsty, and I venture outside to water them. The grass feels good between my toes and as I reach for a ripe tomato, a butterfly dips down into a flower. This garden is full of life, and I feel fortunate to know it intimately.

Read  book review from essay writers.

Not only does my garden provide an abundance of organic fruits and vegetables that are healthier than most produce in grocery stores, but the work it takes to grow this produce requires constant physical activity that is great for physical health, and relieving stress. Cultivating a fruit and vegetable garden is a tremendously rewarding experience. A garden is a fertile piece of land with a collection of plants that are cared for by an individual or a community. A garden can be any size arrangement of flowers, shrubs, fruits, vegetables, herbs or trees. My parents taught me how to care for a garden.

We have five members in our family, with five mouths to feed, so we have a large garden. This garden is spread out across our entire backyard, with six fruit trees scattered throughout. Persimmon, apple, mandarin, orange, avocado, and lime all yield their fruits at different times throughout the year. We have a beautiful flower garden, with many varieties, as well as a dedicated rose garden. We have categorized most of the vegetable plants into separate garden boxes or planters. For example the herb garden box contains rosemary, thyme, oregano, cilantro, curry, and borage.

The salsa garden box contains various types of peppers, and onions. A third garden box contains zucchini, yellow squash, cantaloupe, and peanuts. We also have a planter with fifteen tomato plants, consisting of eleven different varieties. The food grown in these garden boxes is healthier than industrially farmed food bought in the store, because I am knowledgeable about how the food was grown. In fact we consider our garden to be organic, which requires using natural fertilizer, and not using pesticides, herbicides, and growth hormones, all of which are chemical products and these substances are harmful to humans.

For example, growth hormones make fruits and vegetables look bigger, and better, but without nutrient rich soil they lack in nutrients. On the other hand, fertilizer made from natural compost, decomposing plant matter is free of pesticides and herbicides. Fruits and vegetables grown organically can taste much different than store bought foods and that taste of extra flavor means the produce is higher in nutrients. Of the eleven different types of tomatoes in my family’s garden, each has a rich and unique flavor; store bought tomatoes do not compare. The oranges we grow are also much tastier than oranges I have bought in grocery stores.

Some oranges have a really thick peel, and once opened up, it is not a juicy treat, while the oranges from my tree, have a thin peel, and are dripping with juice. Eating organic fruits and vegetables instead of processed foods is vital for good health. Having a home garden provides an abundance of healthy food that is easily accessible. Our own backyard is a resource for much of the food we eat which has limited our trips to the grocery store and saved us a lot of money. Having the ability to pick fresh food from the garden has ensured that even when there is scarce food in the refrigerator, we still have plenty of healthy food to eat.

It is financially rewarding when a plant that costs as much as a few pieces of fruit, produces enough to feed a household for weeks. Sometimes a plant will produce a lot of ripe fruit and there is too much to eat all at once. When fruit is ripe it has a short period when it needs to be eaten, or it will go bad. I find it very unfortunate to watch good food go to waste, so I try to share what I can with my neighbors, friends, family, and community members. The orange tree in my backyard produces hundreds, thousands of oranges every summer.

With so much fruit, my family can eat oranges everyday and there are still a lot that never get eaten and rot away. My family’s solution is to share them with everybody, and when we still have leftovers we make orange juice. I start by picking a few dozen oranges, and cleaning them. I take them inside, and roll them on the counter to break up the pulp and make them juicier. The next step is to cut them in half, and then juice them using a manual or mechanical juicer. It takes some time and some muscle to make a pitcher full of orange juice, but the work is well worth the fresh, sweet and sour flavor that invigorates my taste buds.

The home squeezed orange juice is rich in nutrients, and healthier than store bought orange juice. The physical activity that is required to maintain a garden can help keep a gardener in good physical health. Juicing oranges is only a tiny part of the physical activity in maintaining a garden. Actually, there is a lot of work to maintain a garden, such as pulling weeds, watering plants, picking the fruit and vegetables, digging, planting, cultivating, pruning, fertilizing, etc. This work requires constant bending, stooping, kneeling, reaching above your head, and walking back and forth.

After a few hours of work in the garden I am as sore as I would be if I had gone to the gym. In addition to the physical work, at the beginning of each growing season there is a lot of planning to be done, especially since each season there are different vegetables that can be grown. When it is time to change the crops my family has to prepare the land and the vegetable boxes by removing old vegetable plants and weeds. Some plants have extensive roots and if they cannot be pulled out by hand it may be necessary to dig them out of the ground with a shovel.

First we evaluate the situation to prepare for how much work needs to be done, how many holes I will need to dig, and the size of the holes. When the holes are prepared, the soil needs to be cultivated and amended as final preparation before the planting. My family has a compost bin that we use to make natural fertilizer amendment for our garden. Compost is recycled plant matter that is collected in a bin, and given time it will break down into nutrient rich soil. To help the compost break down, it must be turned often. One of my brothers has a chore to turn the compost twice a week.

Turning the compost can take him from three to ten minutes. Using a pitchfork to lift the material from the bottom of the pile and place it on top, continuously until the material from the top makes its way to the bottom since the material on the bottom decomposes much faster. Once the compost is ready to use we till it into the surrounding soil, a pronged tool helps to mix this fertilizer into the garden soil. When the land is fertile it is time to put the plants in their holes, with a mixture of compost fertilizer, and untreated earth.


Learn How to Listen Effectively

Lectures can be dreadful, when not prepared and with a poor lecturer. But lectures can also be of much help for the students if they know how to listen effectively and if they are prepared. Here are some facts about how to listen effectively.

At university, a lot of information will be passed from the teacher to the students. Some information is more important than other information. Taking notes on what is really important is a vital learning technique that will help you to get through classes.

Be prepared
Let other worries be at rest when entering class. Keep a ”here-and-now”-perspective and focus on the teacher at all times. Social interaction can take place on other times. Get to class on time and be prepared for the lecture of the day. If you have studied the literature you are supposed to, you will find it much easier to pick up the important parts of the lecture.

Open mind and engagement
Keep an open mind during class. If there is something you do not understand, do not be afraid of asking questions. The things you understand, you can also remember. Active listening is all about asking questions and participating in any discussions started. Do it in a positive way, and search for understanding.

Do not be afraid or worried. That will only cloud your mind. The same goes with prejudgements. Try to leave those outside the classroom. Review what you know on the subject before entering class.

It is much easier to listen and remember what has been said when the topic is interesting. In order to get interested, you can use some easy mental training. You decide what you feel is interesting. It is your choice.

Keep the mind focused and get yourself set on the aim of the course. Do not hang around people telling you a teacher is boring or a class is boring. That will only influence your mindset negatively. Connect with people who think that the class is interesting to keep your motivation.

Look for meaning
It is no use trying to figure out certain words from the teacher. Instead, a good listener searches for meaning of the spoken words. Listeners often look for facts. That is not the deal with good listeners. Good listeners focus on the main ideas, the concepts and the vital issues. Facts are just details at university lectures, ideas and concepts the core of knowledge.

Adjust the note taking
The note taking of the class depends on the topic discussed, on the teacher and on your pre-knowledge of the subject. If you are new to a subject, more substantial notes have to be taken than if you know a subject well. List what is important for your understanding, and try to grasp the concepts of the lecture.

Speed Reading Tips: Environment

Ever try reading in the dark? Okay, you can’t read in the dark, obviously. But I think you get my point. How fast you read, regardless of what course you take, is going to be directly affected by your reading conditions.  It’s obvious that better conditions make for faster reading.

Key things that you ought to do in order to make the most of your reading conditions are as follows:

Proper Lighting

This is probably one of the biggest statement in the history of reading. But do you REALLY know what proper lighting is? Do you know where to place your lighting? Truth is, light in the wrong place can make reading a total nightmare.

Lighting should be placed at an angle so that there is NO glare on the actual reading material. You don’t want a light that is too bright. A standard 120-watt bulb in a properly placed lamp, usually just off to the left or right of you, should be more than enough.

Never try reading in a dark room. That’s a great way to not only slow up your reading speed but kill your eyes in the process.

Proper Seating

Ever try reading when you’re not comfortable? It’s not fun. And believe it or not, sitting in an uncomfortable chair or in an awkward position WILL slow up your reading speed. Comfort is going to be different for each individual so I can’t give any specific tips on seats, positions, etc. When you sit down to read, you WILL know whether or not you’re comfortable because eventually, if you’re not, your neck will begin to hurt or get stiff, not to mention other body parts as well.

It might not seem like a big deal, but the more comfortable you are when reading, the faster you will read.

Proper Temperature

If you’re scratching your head wondering what temperature has to do with reading speed, you might want to read this section very carefully.

Did you ever try reading in a very hot place? What usually happens? You begin to sweat. The pages of your book start to stick together. Your hands are so sweaty that you have trouble turning the pages.

What about when you try reading in a cold place? Your fingers start to get numb. You can’t grip the pages properly. And I haven’t even touched on what happens to your eyes when it’s too hot. Sweat starts to pour into them. Suddenly, you’re spending more time wiping your eyes than reading.

It may not seem like a big deal, but reading at temperatures between 68 and 72 degrees are most ideal for reading speed.

Try reading in a sauna and you’ll see what I mean. These 3 simple environmental tips should greatly increase your reading speed.

Are You a Workplace Quitter?

Begin at the beginning and go on till you come to the end: then stop.” (Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland, quote from the King)

The message in Lewis Carroll’s quote is not to stop until you come to the end. If you stop before the end then you will have quit.

The first time I lost Chutes and Ladders to my little brother I told my mother I would never play the game again. Needless to say she made me sit down and play three more games with that “little brat”, my brother. She told me “one should never quit”. After four games with the “little brat” the end result was a two-two tie.

Unfortunately, I was not happy with a tie, therefore, I urged my brother into a couple games of Trouble, where I constantly kicked my brother’s “little behind”. A couple years later when we both progressed to the game Battleship he kicked my behind. I have to admit he was quite good at Battleship so I continued to lose but never quit. (Years later he ended up at the Coast Guard Academy so it was not a surprise I lost!)

But my story is not about the games we played but what we learned. We both learned not to be quitters. We were taught not to be over aggressive, but to be persistent and not to give up. I think this was a very important lesson because it has helped me today in my career. I try to communicate this lesson to those on my staff and young people entering the workforce.

I cannot tolerate people who are self made victims or quitters. I could not tolerate them in the schoolroom or the playground when I was young. I cannot tolerate them in sports or in life and I cannot tolerate them in the workplace.

Today, a 45-year-old male employee walked into my office and quit his job after only 4 months on the job. It really irritated me. It did not irritate me that he quit; it was the “why” he quit that irritated me.

There are times when we choose to move on from our jobs. When we feel that we have made our contribution and there is no more to contribute than its OK to move on.  If we believe the match to the job is not right for us, or if we get a better opportunity after a certain amount of time, then certainly under those circumstances choosing to move on is not quitting. Quitting is when we choose to move on because the job is difficult, we need to work a little harder, we may need to struggle a little before we get the momentum we want or we just do not have the patience or persistence to do the job.  This is what this man did; he quit because he did not want to invest the time and energy into getting his momentum going. He felt he was not as immediately successful as he wanted to be therefore he was moving on in order to seek an easier path.  We are not always immediately successful in what we do, but if we do not try we will never see the outcome.

Quitters in the workplace should take some lessons from athletes.  Good athletes experience many failures along the way to success.  They know how be patient, they know how to work towards goals, they are persistent and they do not quit.

In these economically difficult times we have to learn to be patient and persistent.  We need to find ways to succeed because success will not be handed to us on a silver platter. Employees need to remember not to become self-made victims and managers have to face up to their responsibilities and encourage and coach their employees.  We need to remember not to give up after our first attempt, or we will never become a winner, only a quitter.

Kinds of vegetation for Balinese gardens

Balinese home gardens usually talk about the exotic lawn of contemporary design, motivated from the home gardens of Indonesia. In Contemporary Australia, currently Indonesia design home gardens are judgment most of the home gardens. Why not, after all the feeling of relaxed atmosphere it provides is unusual and just unmatchable. With lot of plants, it keeps your house and the nearby awesome and at the same time it makes you feel like you are vacationing in Indonesia.

Creating Balinese lawn is not hard at all if you want to do it by yourself. You simply need to have some exotic vegetation that can completely make exotic aspect. Usually, rich exotic appearance and those with blossoms are the types that are associated with conventional Balinese designed home gardens. But, alternatives for vegetation are restricted to this. You can opt for any local flower that provides the feeling of exotic location. Some of thoughts are distributed below:

Foliage Plants
Modern Balinese lawn design focuses on appearance, as a result of the convenience of servicing it provides, plus helps you to save the attempt to substitute current vegetation with periodic vegetation. If you are looking for splashes of shade, there are several appearance types available in stunning colours. Some of the most popular options are Hands and Ferns, Cordylines, Plants with wide appearance like Attractive apples, Alocasia, Aglaonema and Dieffenbachia. Bamboo sprouts bedding also works well in this type of lawn.

Regional plants
By selecting right exotic vegetation, you can make a groundwork of a different flavor, for example, Indian, Southern region Hawaiian and main – The United States. To make Indian style, just flower orchid blossoms in your lawn and you are done. In the same way, choose local vegetation for style you want to make.

Bold feature plants
Loosely disseminating strong feature vegetation in decorative bins or in the earth can make interest and will sketch attention of the visitors. You can also use spiky flower to make neat places to see in the lawn. Opt for large bromeliads, Furcraea and Bismarckia hand (while young) for strong feature vegetation.

You have to be innovative while planning for Balinese home gardens. Incorporate right vegetation and get a Balinese lawn you can be extremely pleased of.

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